A Cryptic Trail: From Mt. Gox to FTX – A History of Crypto Scandals


The evolution of crypto brought with it not just technological advancements but also a series of incidents that rattled the industry, shaking investor trust and sparking debates on security, regulations, and ethical practices. This narrative spans from the monumental downfall of Mt. Gox to the recent tumultuous events at FTX, tracing a trajectory marked by highs, lows, and cautionary tales.

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Mt. Gox: The Inaugural Catastrophe

At the epicenter of this narrative stands Mt. Gox, once the largest crypto exchange globally, commanding over 70% of Bitcoin transactions. However, between 2011 and 2014, a seismic shift occurred when the exchange reported a loss of over 850,000 Bitcoins. The platform’s claim of a bug in Bitcoin’s core infrastructure, transaction malleability, fueled the crisis. The exchange’s lack of auditing mechanisms and the reuse of Bitcoin addresses facilitated continuous pilferage, raising questions about security practices and cold vs. hot wallet usage.

Linode, BitFloor, and the Perils of Hot Wallets

Linode, a web hosting provider, saw hackers targeting Bitcoin hot wallets in June 2011, leading to substantial losses. BitFloor, another exchange, fell prey to theft in 2012, losing 24,000 Bitcoins due to unprotected, unencrypted wallet backups. These events underscored the vulnerabilities associated with hot wallets and the critical need for encryption and heightened security measures.

Bitfinex and Multisig Vulnerabilities

Bitfinex faced its crisis in 2016, suffering a theft of 119,756 Bitcoins. While employing multi-sig security—a system requiring multiple authorizations for transactions—Bitfinex’s collaboration with BitGo failed to prevent the breach. The absence of cold wallets and exemptions from regulatory requirements exemplified the limitations of security measures and regulatory loopholes.

Coincheck, KuCoin, and the Impact of Staffing and Security

Coincheck’s staggering loss of $530 million in NEM tokens in 2018 highlighted a staffing deficit that culminated in a security compromise. Similarly, KuCoin faced a $275 million hack, allegedly linked to a North Korean hacker group. These incidents underscored the pivotal role of robust staffing and comprehensive security protocols in safeguarding crypto exchanges.

PancakeBunny, Poly Network, and Sophisticated Exploits

The emergence of flash loan attacks signaled a shift towards more sophisticated methods. PancakeBunny’s $200 million breach in 2021 illustrated how flash loans manipulated Binance Coin prices, spotlighting the evolving nature of crypto heists. Poly Network’s $600 million theft, although returned by the hacker except $33 million, showcased a peculiar turn of events involving public dialogue and a job offer for the perpetrator.

FTX: The Most Recent Upheaval

FTX’s tumultuous saga in 2022 surfaced as the latest chapter in crypto scandals. A chain of events led to the loss of $8.7 billion, sparking investigations and legal action. The incident exposed vulnerabilities in security protocols, governance, and financial management, echoing the industry’s recurring challenges in mitigating risks.

Lessons Learned, Paths Forward

Throughout this tumultuous history, a series of lessons has emerged. The need for enhanced security measures, robust regulatory compliance, cold wallet utilization, proactive auditing, and competent staffing has never been clearer. These incidents have urged stakeholders to collaborate and innovate, emphasizing the importance of technological advancements in fortifying the crypto ecosystem.

One Trading, emerges as a promising and trustworthy crypto trading platform, touting an array of appealing features. With an emphasis on unparalleled speed, boasting latencies as low as sub-100 microseconds, and an impressive order processing rate of 400,000 orders per second, it promises swift trade executions. The platform’s zero-fee structure for makers and takers across all markets is a notable draw, aiming to eliminate traditional transaction costs and attract traders seeking cost-efficient options.

Moreover, its commitment to regulatory compliance, holding a VASP license in Italy, and pursuing a MiFID II application in the Netherlands, signals a dedication to meeting established EU regulatory standards. One Trading positions itself as an accessible platform for traders of all levels, offering access to various coins, beginner and advanced trading tools – all whilst ensuring the security of crypto assets through institutional-grade MPC-based technology.

As the industry moves forward, the narrative from Mt. Gox to FTX stands as a reminder of the challenges that accompany innovation. However, it also reflects the resilience and adaptability of the crypto community in responding to adversity, setting the stage for a more secure and mature ecosystem.

The history of crypto-assets scandals, from the catastrophic Mt. Gox to the recent upheaval at FTX, paints a picture of an industry navigating a complex landscape of challenges. Each incident has contributed to an evolving narrative, illuminating vulnerabilities and stimulating discussions on security, governance, and innovation. As the industry marches forward, these experiences serve as a guidepost, shaping a more resilient and secure future for crypto-assets exchanges and investors. One Trading is a centralized exchange that has weathered the storm and works closely with regulators in the EU to uphold the highest standards of security for its customers.


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